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php如何实现忘记密码找回的功能

php如何实现忘记密码找回的功能

  • 来源:网络
  • 更新日期:2020-11-16 12:07:22

摘要:php实现忘记密码找回功能的方法:1、用户注册时需要提供一个E-MAIL邮箱;2、打开表单并输入注册用的E-MAIL邮箱;3、从数据库中查找到该用户信息,并更新该用户的密码为一个临时密码...

php实现忘记密码找回功能的方法:1、用户注册时需要提供一个E-MAIL邮箱;2、打开表单并输入注册用的E-MAIL邮箱;3、从数据库中查找到该用户信息,并更新该用户的密码为一个临时密码;4、借助Jmail功能实现修改密码即可。

推荐:《PHP视频教程》

PHP会员找回密码功能的简单实现

设置思路

1、用户注册时需要提供一个E-MAIL邮箱,目的就是用该邮箱找回密码。

2、当用户忘记密码或用户名时,点击登录页面的“找回密码”超链接,打开表单,并输入注册用的E-MAIL邮箱,提交。

3、系统通过该邮箱,从数据库中查找到该用户信息,并更新该用户的密码为一个临时密码(比如:12345678)。

4、系统借助Jmail功能把该用户的信息发送到该用户的邮箱中(内容包括:用户名、临时密码、提醒用户及时修改临时密码的提示语)。

5、用户用临时密码即可登录。

HTML

我们在找回密码的页面上放置一个要求用户输入注册时所用的邮箱,然后提交前台js来处理交互。

代码如下

<p><strong>輸入您註冊的電子郵箱,找回密碼:</strong></p> 
<p><input type="text" class="input" name="email" id="email"><span id="chkmsg"></span></p> 
<p><input type="button" class="btn" id="sub_btn" value="http://www.bitscn.com/pdb/php/201609/提 交"></p>

jQuery

当用户输入完邮箱并点击提交后,jQuery先验证邮箱格式是否正确,如果正确则通过向后台sendmail.php发送Ajax请求,sendmail.php负责验证邮箱是否存在和发送邮件,并会返回相应的处理结果给前台页面,请看jQuery代码:

代码如下

$(function(){ 
$("#sub_btn").click(function(){ 
var email = $("#email").val(); 
var preg = /^w+([-+.]w+)*@w+([-.]w+)*.w+([-.]w+)*/; //匹配Email 
if(email=='' || !preg.test(email)){ 
$("#chkmsg").html("請填寫正確的郵箱!"); 
}else{ 
$("#sub_btn").attr("disabled","disabled").val('提交中..').css("cursor","default"); 
$.post("sendmail.php",{mail:email},function(msg){ 
if(msg=="noreg"){ 
$("#chkmsg").html("該郵箱尚未註冊!"); 
$("#sub_btn").removeAttr("disabled").val('提 交').css("cursor","pointer"); 
}else{ 
$(".demo").html("<h3>"+msg+"</h3>"); 
} 
}); 
} 
}); 
})

以上使用的jQuery代码很方便简洁的完成了前端交互操作,如果您有一定的jQuery基础,那上面的代码一目了然,不多解释。

当然别忘了在页面中加载jQuery库文件,有的同学经常问我说从网上下载了demo怎么用不了,那80%是jquery或者其他文件加载路径错了导致没加载必要的文件。

PHP

sendmail.php需要验证Email是否存在系统用户表中,如果有,则读取用户信息,将用户id、用户名和密码惊醒md5加密生成一个特别的字符串作为找回密码的验证码,然后构造URL。同时我们为了控制URL链接的时效性,将记录用户提交找回密码动作的操作时间,最后调用邮件发送类发送邮件到用户邮箱,发送邮件类smtp.class.php已经打包好,请下载。

代码如下

include_once("connect.php");//連接數據庫 

$email = stripslashes(trim($_POST['mail'])); 

$sql = "select id,username,password from `t_user` where `email`='$email'"; 
$query = mysql_query($sql); 
$num = mysql_num_rows($query); 
if($num==0){//該郵箱尚未註冊! 
echo 'noreg'; 
exit; 
}else{ 
$row = mysql_fetch_array($query); 
$getpasstime = time(); 
$uid = $row['id']; 
$token = md5($uid.$row['username'].$row['password']);//組合驗證碼 
$url = "/demo/resetpass/reset.php?email=".$email." 
&token=".$token;//構造URL 
$time = date('Y-m-d H:i'); 
$result = sendmail($time,$email,$url); 
if($result==1){//郵件發送成功 
$msg = '系統已向您的郵箱發送了一封郵件<br/>請登錄到您的郵箱及時重置您的密碼!'; 
//更新數據發送時間 
mysql_query("update `t_user` set `getpasstime`='$getpasstime' where id='$uid '"); 
}else{ 
$msg = $result; 
} 
echo $msg; 
} 

//發送郵件 
function sendmail($time,$email,$url){ 
include_once("smtp.class.php"); 
$smtpserver = ""; //SMTP服務器,如smtp.163.com 
$smtpserverport = 25; //SMTP服務器端口 
$smtpusermail = ""; //SMTP服務器的用戶郵箱 
$smtpuser = ""; //SMTP服務器的用戶帳號 
$smtppass = ""; //SMTP服務器的用戶密碼 
$smtp = new Smtp($smtpserver, $smtpserverport, true, $smtpuser, $smtppass); 
//這裏面的一個true是表示使用身份驗證,否則不使用身份驗證. 
$emailtype = "HTML"; //信件類型,文本:text;網頁:HTML 
$smtpemailto = $email; 
$smtpemailfrom = $smtpusermail; 
$emailsubject = "www.bitsCN.com - 找回密碼"; 
$emailbody = "親愛的".$email.":<br/>您在".$time."提交了找回密碼請求。請點擊下面的鏈接重置密碼 
(按鈕24小時內有效)。<br/><a href='".$url."'target='_blank'>".$url."</a>"; 
$rs = $smtp->sendmail($smtpemailto, $smtpemailfrom, $emailsubject, $emailbody, $emailtype); 

return $rs; 
}

好了,这个时候你的邮箱将会收到一封来自helloweba的密码找回邮件,邮件内容中有一个URL链接,点击该链接到reset.php来验证邮箱。

代码如下

include_once("connect.php");//連接數據庫 

$token = stripslashes(trim($_GET['token'])); 
$email = stripslashes(trim($_GET['email'])); 
$sql = "select * from `t_user` where email='$email'"; 

$query = mysql_query($sql); 
$row = mysql_fetch_array($query); 
if($row){ 
$mt = md5($row['id'].$row['username'].$row['password']); 
if($mt==$token){ 
if(time()-$row['getpasstime']>24*60*60){ 
$msg = '該鏈接已過期!'; 
}else{ 
//重置密碼... 
$msg = '請重新設置密碼,顯示重置密碼表單,<br/>這裏只是演示,略過。'; 
} 
}else{ 
$msg = '無效的鏈接'; 
} 
}else{ 
$msg = '錯誤的鏈接!'; 
} 
echo $msg;

reset.php首先接受参数email和token,然后根据email查询数据表t_user中是否存在该Email,如果存在则获取该用户的信息,并且和sendmail.php中的token组合方式一样构建token值,然后与url传过来的token进行对比,如果当前时间与发送邮件时的时间相差超过24小时的,则提示“该链接已过期!”,反之,则说明链接有效,并且调转到重置密码页面,最后就是用户自己设置新密码了。

小结:通过注册邮箱验证与本文邮件找回密码,我们知道发送邮件在网站开发中的应用以及它的重要性,当然,现在也流行短信验证应用,这个需要相关的短信接口对接就可以了。

最后,附上数据表t_user结构:

代码如下

CREATE TABLE `t_user` ( 
`id` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment, 
`username` varchar(30) NOT NULL, 
`password` varchar(32) NOT NULL, 
`email` varchar(50) NOT NULL, 
`getpasstime` int(10) NOT NULL, 
PRIMARY KEY (`id`) 
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

smtp.class.php类文件

代码如下

<?php

class Smtp{

/* Public Variables */

var $smtp_port;

var $time_out;

var $host_name;

var $log_file;

var $relay_host;

var $debug;

var $auth;

var $user;

var $pass;

/* Private Variables */
var $sock;

/* Constractor */

function smtp($relay_host = "", $smtp_port = 25, $auth = false, $user, $pass) {
$this->debug = false;

$this->smtp_port = $smtp_port;

$this->relay_host = $relay_host;

$this->time_out = 30; //is used in fsockopen()

$this->auth = $auth; //auth

$this->user = $user;

$this->pass = $pass;

$this->host_name = "localhost"; //is used in HELO command
$this->log_file = "";

$this->sock = false;
}

/* Main Function */

function sendmail($to, $from, $subject = "", $body = "", $mailtype, $cc = "", $bcc = "", $additional_headers = "") {
$mail_from = $this->get_address($this->strip_comment($from));

$body = ereg_replace("(^|(rn))(.)", "1.3", $body);

$header .= "MIME-version:1.0rn";

if ($mailtype == "HTML") {
$header .= "Content-Type:text/htmlrn";
}

$header .= "To: " . $to . "rn";

if ($cc != "") {
$header .= "Cc: " . $cc . "rn";
}

$header .= "From(www.bitsCN.com): $from<" . $from . ">rn";

$header .= "Subject: " . $subject . "rn";

$header .= $additional_headers;

$header .= "Date: " . date("r") . "rn";

$header .= "X-Mailer:By Redhat (PHP/" . phpversion() . ")rn";

list ($msec, $sec) = explode(" ", microtime());

$header .= "message-ID: <" . date("YmdHis", $sec) . "." . ($msec * 1000000) . "." . $mail_from . ">rn";

$TO = explode(",", $this->strip_comment($to));

if ($cc != "") {
$TO = array_merge($TO, explode(",", $this->strip_comment($cc)));
}

if ($bcc != "") {
$TO = array_merge($TO, explode(",", $this->strip_comment($bcc)));
}

$sent = true;

foreach ($TO as $rcpt_to) {
$rcpt_to = $this->get_address($rcpt_to);

if (!$this->smtp_sockopen($rcpt_to)) {
$this->log_write("Error: Cannot send email to " . $rcpt_to . "n");

$sent = false;

continue;
}

if ($this->smtp_send($this->host_name, $mail_from, $rcpt_to, $header, $body)) {
$this->log_write("E-mail has been sent to <" . $rcpt_to . ">n");
} else {
$this->log_write("Error: Cannot send email to <" . $rcpt_to . ">n");

$sent = false;
}

fclose($this->sock);

$this->log_write("Disconnected from remote hostn");
}

return $sent;
}

/* Private Functions */

function smtp_send($helo, $from, $to, $header, $body = "") {
if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("HELO", $helo)) {
return $this->smtp_error("sending HELO command");
}
// auth
if ($this->auth) {
if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("AUTH LOGIN", base64_encode($this->user))) {
return $this->smtp_error("sending HELO command");
}

if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("", base64_encode($this->pass))) {
return $this->smtp_error("sending HELO command");
}
}

if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("MAIL", "FROM:<" . $from . ">")) {
return $this->smtp_error("sending MAIL FROM command");
}

if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("RCPT", "TO:<" . $to . ">")) {
return $this->smtp_error("sending RCPT TO command");
}

if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("DATA")) {
return $this->smtp_error("sending DATA command");
}

if (!$this->smtp_message($header, $body)) {
return $this->smtp_error("sending message");
}

if (!$this->smtp_eom()) {
return $this->smtp_error("sending <CR><LF>.<CR><LF> [EOM]");
}

if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("QUIT")) {
return $this->smtp_error("sending QUIT command");
}

return true;
}

function smtp_sockopen($address) {
if ($this->relay_host == "") {
return $this->smtp_sockopen_mx($address);
} else {
return $this->smtp_sockopen_relay();
}
}

function smtp_sockopen_relay() {
$this->log_write("Trying to " . $this->relay_host . ":" . $this->smtp_port . "n");

$this->sock = @ fsockopen($this->relay_host, $this->smtp_port, $errno, $errstr, $this->time_out);

if (!($this->sock && $this->smtp_ok())) {
$this->log_write("Error: Cannot connenct to relay host " . $this->relay_host . "n");

$this->log_write("Error: " . $errstr . " (" . $errno . ")n");

return false;
}

$this->log_write("Connected to relay host " . $this->relay_host . "n");

return true;
;
}

function smtp_sockopen_mx($address) {
$domain = ereg_replace("^.+@([^@]+)$", "1", $address);

if (!@ getmxrr($domain, $MXHOSTS)) {
$this->log_write("Error: Cannot resolve MX "" . $domain . ""n");

return false;
}

foreach ($MXHOSTS as $host) {
$this->log_write("Trying to " . $host . ":" . $this->smtp_port . "n");

$this->sock = @ fsockopen($host, $this->smtp_port, $errno, $errstr, $this->time_out);

if (!($this->sock && $this->smtp_ok())) {
$this->log_write("Warning: Cannot connect to mx host " . $host . "n");

$this->log_write("Error: " . $errstr . " (" . $errno . ")n");

continue;
}

$this->log_write("Connected to mx host " . $host . "n");

return true;
}

$this->log_write("Error: Cannot connect to any mx hosts (" . implode(", ", $MXHOSTS) . ")n");

return false;
}

function smtp_message($header, $body) {
fputs($this->sock, $header . "rn" . $body);

$this->smtp_debug("> " . str_replace("rn", "n" . "> ", $header . "n> " . $body . "n> "));

return true;
}

function smtp_eom() {
fputs($this->sock, "rn.rn");

$this->smtp_debug(". [EOM]n");

return $this->smtp_ok();
}

function smtp_ok() {
$response = str_replace("rn", "", fgets($this->sock, 512));

$this->smtp_debug($response . "n");

if (!ereg("^[23]", $response)) {
fputs($this->sock, "QUITrn");

fgets($this->sock, 512);

$this->log_write("Error: Remote host returned "" . $response . ""n");

return false;
}

return true;
}

function smtp_putcmd($cmd, $arg = "") {
if ($arg != "") {
if ($cmd == "")
$cmd = $arg;

else
$cmd = $cmd . " " . $arg;
}

fputs($this->sock, $cmd . "rn");

$this->smtp_debug("> " . $cmd . "n");

return $this->smtp_ok();
}

function smtp_error($string) {
$this->log_write("Error: Error occurred while " . $string . ".n");

return false;
}

function log_write($message) {
$this->smtp_debug($message);

if ($this->log_file == "") {
return true;
}

$message = date("M d H:i:s ") . get_current_user() . "[" . getmypid() . "]: " . $message;

if (!@ file_exists($this->log_file) || !($fp = @ fopen($this->log_file, "a"))) {
$this->smtp_debug("Warning: Cannot open log file "" . $this->log_file . ""n");

return false;
;
}

flock($fp, LOCK_EX);

fputs($fp, $message);

fclose($fp);

return true;
}

function strip_comment($address) {
$comment = "([^()]*)";

while (ereg($comment, $address)) {
$address = ereg_replace($comment, "", $address);
}

return $address;
}

function get_address($address) {
$address = ereg_replace("([ trn])+", "", $address);

$address = ereg_replace("^.*<(.+)>.*$", "1", $address);

return $address;
}

function smtp_debug($message) {
if ($this->debug) {
echo $message . "
;";
}
}
}
?>

最后面有个数据库连接类,这里就不介绍了大家可以百本站找相关的数据库连接mysql类哦

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